This is the Poly-Mart 12" In-Ground First Flush Water Diverter Kit. Buried and out of sight, the In-Ground First Flush Diverter Kit comes with everything you need to build a large capacity first flush system utilizing 12 inch PVC Pipe.
The In-Ground First Flush Diverter Kit is also perfect for sloping allotments. On a site that provides the opportunity for the end cap of the diverter to be positioned above ground (to drain out and be accessible for maintenance), an In-Ground First Flush Diverter Kit allows a 'wet' system to be converted into a 'dry' system.
Most systems are 'wet' due to the size of buildings, and the placement of tanks away from the buildings mean that there are long runs of pipe underground leading to a riser at the tank. On a sloping site the In-Ground First Flush Diverter ensures the diverted water and the water that would normally remain in the pipes empties out. The result - a 'dry' system that improves water quality.Features and Benefits:
Ships FREE with purchase of any Poly-Mart tank!!How do they work?
- Prevents sediment, bird droppings, spiders, insects, mosquito eggs and debris from entering the rainwater tank/cistern.
- Improves water quality, protects pumps and internal appliances.
- Ideal to use in conjunction with a rain head.
- Perfect for sloping allotments.
- No mechanical parts.
- Inlet fits 3" Schedule 40 pipe or 4" Schedule 40 female coupling.
- Easy installation - just add pipe and glue.
- Low maintenance.
- Converts a 'wet' system in to a 'dry' system.
Fitting an appropriately sized First Flush Water Diverter is critical to achieve good quality water. Water Diverters improve water quality, reduce tank/cistern maintenance and protect pumps by preventing the first flush of water, which may contain contaminants from the roof, from entering the tank/cistern.
When it rains, water slowly builds up in the roof guttering system before it exits through the downspout. The first flush of water from the roof can contain amounts of bacteria from decomposed insects, skinks, bird and animal droppings and concentrated tannic acid. It may also contain sediments, water borne heavy metals and chemical residues, all of which are undesirable elements to have in a water storage system.
Instead of flowing to the water tank/cistern, these pollutants are diverted with the initial flow of water into the chamber of the water diverter. The water diverters from Rain Harvesting utilize a dependable ball and seat system - a simple automatic system that does not rely on mechanical parts or manual intervention.
As the water level rises in the diverter chamber the ball floats, and once the chamber is full, the ball rests on a seat inside the diverter chamber preventing any further water entering the diverter. The subsequent flow of water is then automatically directed along the pipe system to the tank/cistern.
For a water diverter to work effectively, the contaminated water in the chamber must be sealed off. This prevents the water passing to the storage tank/cistern and ensure the water does not "syphon" off the contaminated water in the chamber. The simplest and surest way to do this is with a floating ball and seat. A slow release valve ensures the chamber empties itself after rain and resets automatically. The diverted water need not be wasted water because the drain pipe from the diverter chamber can be fitted to a standard drip irrigation system.How much water should you divert?
It is important to prevent heavy sediments and other roof pollutants from entering the rainwater tank/cistern. The amount of water diverted should be a minimum of 12.5 gallons per 1000 square feet of roof area (or 0.0125 gallons per square foot). In calculating the amount of water to divert, consideration can be given to (1) the surface area of the roof, and (2) the amount of pollutants on the roof and gutters.
The following factors can be used as a guide in determining the volume of water to be diverted:Pollution Factor For The Roof
- Minimal Pollution - Divert 0.0125 gallons per square foot of roof area (For example, open field, no trees, no bird droppings, clean environment).
- Substantial Pollution - Divert 0.05 gallons per square foot of roof area (For example, Leaves and debris, bird droppings, various animal matter, dead insects, skinks, etc.)Diversion Volume For A First Flush Water Diverter
Square Foot Roof Area x Pollution Factor = Rainwater to be divertered.
For example a minimal polluted roof of 1000 square feet: 1000 x 0.0125 = 12.5 gallons to be diverted.